A Brief History of Effective Microorganism Technology and Development
Japanese farmers and gardeners began their conventional organic farming culture since long decades ago, but they have not been ever so productive before the advent of EM technology to boost their farming yields. As they realized that organic farming is the only way on reducing the use of chemicals to produce healthier yields for consumption. Since then, many efforts and development conducted by farmers group, scientists, government, university and other related parties.
Recently in 1980, Dr. Teruo Higa, a professor at Ryukyus University stunned the world with his finding as the result of his 20 years long process discovery. EM formula, we know it today is a brilliant booster and beneficial microorganism in the farm living world. Organic farming culture becomes faster and more efficient with the help of EM, as today it used in various applications like basic ingredients to make organic fertilizer, soil enrichments, organic pesticides, and many others.
Effective Microorganism (EM) is a biotechnology developed based on the environmentally friendly principle that finally leads to reduce the use of chemicals substance, which can reduce overall cost production and result human-friendlier food quality. Nowadays, the EM technology is such of common thing for either home-based gardening or wider scale in hundred acres land cultivation or screen houses. One instance in the wide scale of applications, EM is frequently used as the main activator to produce massive bokashi compost through the process of fermentation. The sustainability of organic materials and organic waste resources is one reason that’s bokashi compost is cheap and easy to make.
Chemicals Use Vs Organic Farming Vs Modern Organic Farming with Effective Microorganism Technology
There are lucrative benefits to take along with the EM technology application in farming and agriculture. In the table shown below, you will see comparison farming with the use chemicals substance, conventional organic farming and modern organic farming with EM.
|Perimeters||Conventional Farming with Chemistry Use||Organic Traditional Farming||Modern Organic Farming with EM|
|Medium – High
Protect and Repair
EM rules the modern agriculture and becomes such of a new dimension to learn and practice. It is why there are emerging research center and organization put their concern to develop the applicable technology that props up healthier agriculture and its sustainability. EMRO (Effective Microorganism Research Organization) recognized as vast improved organization with more than 30 country members. EMRO promotes studies, research and facilitate world conference on the EM technology developments.
Microorganism that Construct Effective Microorganism Culture
There are many types of microorganism/microbes with lucrative nature used as inoculants to promote the microbes’ diversity and richness in the soil. As we recognizes name of product today, they may vary in composition. There are at least five main microorganisms to produce Effective Microorganism solutions, which are including:
- Photosynthetic Bacteria (Rhodopseudomonas spp)
- Lactic Acid Bacteria (Lactobacillus)
- Yeast (Saccoharomyces)
- Fungal Fermentation (Aspergillus & Penicillium)
Main Benefits of Effective Microorganism (EM) in Agriculture and Farming
In general, EM in agriculture will delivers such benefits as:
- Restore the benefits of biologic, physic and compound of soil
- Increasing and keep the stability of farming production in long term period
- Fermenting beneficial organic materials in the soil and fasten the process of decomposition
- Help to yield production in both quality and quantity
- Increase the number of good microbes in the soil
General Applications of Effective Microorganism Technology in Agriculture and Farming
EM generally cultured in the form of yellowish brown liquid with sour smell. In the modern industry, the Effective Microorganism solution packed in the bottle and can be kept as a Mother Culture EM, which generally they are in the dormant condition. Once you open it, mix to the organic materials or any other substance, they soon will wake up and active. The microbes start their activity according to their natural trait.
When you inoculate the EM solution directly by spraying to the soil, the EM will actively fermenting any organic materials contained in the soil. The results of those fermentations are already in the form of digestible organic compounds for roots. They may in the form of alcohol, protein, vitamin, molasses, amino acid, etc. It is different when you give organic materials to the soil without EM inoculation. The organic materials may be decayed and result kind of inorganic materials that could be bad for the plant.
In addition, EM doesn’t only ferment the organic materials. They also become a trigger for the other good microorganism to live and evolve giving more profits to the soil. Because of their antagonistic trait to the pathogens, the EM will fight for you to protect the soil and the plant. In that way, EM can gives your double benefits.
In further circumstance, Effective Microorganism solution is used for bokashi composting to make organic fertilizer. Find more information about bokashi here.